Module 1 : Thermodynamics Relations (Total 4 hours)
Topics
to be covered 
Hours 
Enthalpy,
entropy, internal energy, and specific heat relations;
Tds equations for entropy change ; Difference in heat
capacities, Ratio of specific heats, Evaluation of thermodynamic
properties from an equation of state. 
1 
Helmoltz’s
and Gibb’s functions ; Some mathematical theorems;
Maxwell's relations. 
1 
Applications
of Maxwell’s relations to ideal and real gases;
JouleThomson effect and coefficient ; ClausiusClapeyron
equation. 
1 
Real
gas equation of state (Vander Walls, Verial, PengRobinson,
Redlich Kwong, etc) ; Compressibility factor ; General
compressibility charts and applications. 
1 
Module
2 : Property Relationships for pure substance and Mixtures (Total
5 hours)
Topics
to be covered 
Hours 
a.
Mixture of gases : Dalton's law of partial pressures
and Amagot’s law of partial volumes for ideal gas
mixtures ; Volumetric and gravimetric analysis ; Principle
of corresponding states ; Evaluation of ideal gas mixture
properties and applications to various processes. 
1 
Properties
of real gas mixtures ; Use of compressibility charts for
real gas mixtures. 
1 
b.
Pscychrometry : Atmospheric air and Psychometric
properties; Dry bulb temperature, wet bulb temperature,
dew point temperature, partial pressures, specific and relative
humidity and the relation between the two. 
1 
Enthalpy
and adiabatic saturation temperature. Construction and use
of psychrometric chart ; Analysis of various processes
heating, cooling, dehumidifying and humidifying. 
1 
Adiabatic
mixing of stream ; Summer and winter airconditioning; Cooling
load calculations. 
1 
Module
3 : Combustion Thermodynamics (Total 7 hours)
Topics
to be covered 
Hours 
Stoichiometric
air for combustion of fuels ; Excess air ; Mass balance,
A/F ratio and equivalence ratio ; Exhaust gas analysis
(Orsat apparatus). 
1 
Composition
of various solid, liquid and gaseous fuels. ; Properties
of fuels. 
1 
Energy
balance for a chemical reactions (First law analysis)
; Enthalpy and internal energy of combustion ; Enthalpy
of formation and bond energy ; Sensible energy. 
1 
Calculation
of heat release for various combustion processes; Use
of enthalpy tables ; Calculation of adiabatic flame temperature. 
1 
Rate
of chemical reactions ; Law of mass action ; Collision
theory for reaction kinetics ; Arehnius factor and activation
energy ; Multistep reactions. 
1 
Dissociation
and chemical equilibrium ; Reversible reactions ; Gibb’s
and Helmotz’s free energy ; Relation between equilibrium
constants and free energy. 
1 
Calculation
of equilibrium composition of reacting mixtures ; Effect
of pressure and temperature on equilibrium composition
; Combustion efficiency and emissions. 
1 
Module
4 : Gas Power Cycles (Total 4 hours)
Topics
to be covered 
Hours 
Air
standard cycle approximations ; Carnot, Otto, Diesel Cycles
– pv and Ts diagrams ; Numerical Problems. 
1 
Descriptionefficiency,
mep, etc. ; Comparison of Otto, Diesel cycles for same
compression ratio and heat input ; Dual cycles pv and
Ts diagrams. 
1 
Stirling
cycles, Ericsson cycle, Atkinson cycle ; Basic Gas turbine
(Brayton) cycle (for open and closed systems). 
1 
Efficiency
of gas turbine cycle ; Regenerative gas turbine cycle;
Intercooling and reheating in gas turbine cycles ; Numerical
problems. 
1 
